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Breed Description Edit
The Chihuahua coat comes in two varieties: smooth coat and long coat. The smooth coat has a glossy, soft, and close coat which is full textured over the entire body, but quite scanty on the head and ears. The long coat has a soft, longer coat that can be slightly curly or flat. This variety does have an under-coat. Either coat type comes in a variety of colors such as fawn, red, brown, black, and white. The coat may be solid in color, marked with splashes of color, or tri-color. This breed is an average shedder.
The Chihuahua has a mysterious past. There is some uncertanty in regards to the origin of the breed. It is widely believed that the breed originated in Mexico. Some archeological evidence would suggest that the dogs were once valued by Aztec royalty.
Other theories place the origins of the Chihuahua near the island of Malta in the Mediterranean region of Europe. There is European art going back to the early MIddle Ages that depict dogs with physical similarities to modern-day Chihuahuas.
The Chihuahua was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1904.
The Chihuahua is a very individualistic breed. They each have their own unique personality, so only a few generalizations can be made. They are commonly referred to as a "Chi". They are energetic, graceful, and display a human-like expression. Their lifespan is the longest of any size dog.
The Chihuahua is deeply devoted and fiercely loyal. They typically become extremely attached to one or two people. They are bold, fearless, and highly protective of their masters. They thrive on inordinate amounts of attention. The Chihuahua is by nature gentle, loving, and sweet-tempered. They are wary of strangers and make excellent watchdogs. This breed is not well suited for children or other pets. However, they are sociable with their own kind. Chihuahuas are excellent companions in the right circumstances.
The Chihuahua requires minimal grooming. The Smooth coat variety requires only occasional brushing. The Long coat variety should be brushed several times a week with a soft bristle brush. Both varieties only need bathing once a month using a mild shampoo. Special care must be given to not get water into their ears as they are prone to ear infections. Dental hygiene is a must to prevent tooth loss.
Chihuahuas do not know their own size. They are unaware that they are smaller than other dogs. Much care should be taken not to leave your Chi unattended while around other larger dogs. Although the larger dog may only be playing with your Chi, the bigger dog might be too rough and too strong for your Chi.
The Chihuahua can be difficult to train, but with patience, love, and consistency do well. They respond best to positive reinforcement. Chihuahuas can be housetrained by either the crate method or the paper training method. Early, extensive, and intensive socialization is an absolute must for this breed.
The Chihuahua is an excellent apartment or condominium dweller. The majority of their exercise needs can be met indoors with toys or play sessions. However, they greatly enjoy going with their owners and benefit from daily walks. Using a harness is recommended instead of a leash is best given their delicate neck and bone structure.
If you are looking for Chihuahua puppies for sale from reputable Chihuahua breeders or to adopt a Chihuahua from a Chihuahua rescue then make sure you understand as much about the dog breeds you are interested in as you can. Every puppy breed is different. Begin your research by reading the breed information about the Chihuahua puppy above. Search our dog breeds section to find Chihuahua puppies, dogs and puppies that make great pets.
Chi's are not typically good around younger children. Although kids may be well-intentioned, kids may be careless and rough with the delicate chihuahua.
Most Chihuahuas like to burrow deep inside bed coverings and laundry baskets. They love to be in warm dens and feel safe when enclosed and surrounded. Take care not to sit on beds without looking for your pet first. Many Chi's will also like to keep their toys nearby too so don't be surprised to find a favorite bone buried deep within your clothing or bedding as these are favorite "treasure" spots.
Your chiahuahua will be born with what is called a "molera," or a soft spot in its head. All Chihuahuas are born with a soft spot and depending on the individual Chihuahua, it may or may not close upon adulthood. This is not something that is considered a health concern and does not require treatment.
The health issues that affect this breed include: hydrocephalus (not to be confused with a molera, which all Chihuahuas have), hypglycemia, collapsed trachea and luxating patella.
Your biggest concern will be overfeeding your chihuahua. Chihuahuas often tend to eat much more than they can handle. Your Chi will always want food but it is important that you only feed your Chihuahua based on the recommendations on the food packaging or those of your veternarian. this can help out the source quite well.Edit
There are many terms that are erroniously used to describe certain Chihuahuas. The terms "teacup chihuahua," "miniature chihuahua," "apple head chihuahua," and others are misleading and often used as a ploy to hike prices of dogs. Small Chihuahuas that are under four pounds are in fact more prone to health issues than standard chihuahuas, are easily injured, and generally a result of inbreeding.