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Cat Glossary

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AEdit

AlteredEdit

A cat that has had its reproductive organs removed (either spayed female or neutered males.)

BEdit

BandingEdit

Distinct bands of colour in a crosswise direction

BibEdit

The part of the ruff, or lengthened hair, around the chest area

BicolorEdit

A cat with more than two spots of colour on the torso, either white and one basic colour, or white with one tabby colour

BlazeEdit

A marking down the forehead, nose and under the chin

BritchesEdit

Long hairs on the back of the hind legs which run from the hips to the hock, or lower joint, of the leg

CEdit

Calico vanEdit

A white cat with two spots on the torso in two different basic colours

CatteryEdit

The place where a breeding cat is kept, either in the home or in a separate building

CobbyEdit

Sturdy, round and compact body shape. The body is usually set low on the legs, with broad shoulders and rump.

ColourpointEdit

A cat with darker shadings on its mask, ears, paws and tail.

DEdit

Double coatEdit

A coat of double thickness. Unlike regular coats, the skin is not visible when the coat is parted.

FEdit

Feral catEdit

An untamed domestic cat that was born, or has reverted to living in the wild.

FlanksEdit

The fleshy sides of the cat between the ribs and the hips.

GEdit

GeneEdit

Part of the chromosome from which hereditary traits are determined.

Ground colourEdit

The basic (or lighter) colour of the cat in any of the tabby patterns.

Guard hairsEdit

Stiff, long, coarse, protective hairs that form a cat's outer coat.

HEdit

Hand groomingEdit

Light stroking of the coat with your hand to remove dead hair.

IEdit

In seasonEdit

Period of time when the female, or queen, is willing to mate with the male, or stud cat. Also referred to as estrus or 'in heat'.

InoculationEdit

The injection of vaccine to create immunity. A small amount of a specific disease agent is injected enabling antibodies to build up to prevent the occurrence of the disease.

MEdit

MackerelEdit

A type of tabby pattern where the colours of the coat appear striped.

MaskEdit

The darker shadings on the face.

Mixed-breedEdit

A cat comprised of two or more different breeds, which do not combine to make a separate breed; not purebred.

NEdit

NecklaceEdit

Bandings of colour across the lower neck and chest area, as if the cat is actually wearing a necklace.

NeuterEdit

To surgically remove the testicles of a male cat to prevent reproduction.

OEdit

Odd-eyedEdit

Having different coloured eyes, usually one eye is blue and the other is copper or yellow.

PEdit

ParticolourEdit

Comprising two colours, always white with one other basic colour.

PointEdit

Extremities of the body comprising the mask, ears, legs and tail.

QEdit

QueenEdit

An unaltered female cat.

REdit

RuffEdit

Protruding or lengthened hair around the neck and chest.

SEdit

SpayEdit

To surgically remove the uterus and ovaries of a female cat to prevent reproduction.

StandardsEdit

Guidelines set out for each breed by all associations which list the qualities that the breed will be judged on in the show ring.

TEdit

TabbyEdit

Patterned coat with circular, striped or blotch markings.

TickedEdit

Dark and light colours on the hair shaft, in alternate bands.

TorbieEdit

A combination of the tortoiseshell and the tabby pattern that is also known by the name 'patched tabby'.

TortieEdit

Abbreviation of tortoiseshell.

UEdit

UnalteredEdit

An intact male of female with full reproductive abilities.

VEdit

VanEdit

Having one or two spots on the torso. The spots are one of the basic colour.

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